Information & Download Center: OSHA 1926.1400
CRANES AND DERRICKS IN CONSTRUCTION: THE FINAL RULE
EFFECTIVE NOVEMBER 8, 2010
What is happening?
On Aug. 9, 2010, OSHA published Cranes & Derricks in Construction 1926.1400. The final rule, an update to the OSHA standard on cranes and derricks in construction, is the first revision in almost 40 years.
Where can I get more information?
Download the PDF from OSHA.gov here.
A copy of the regulatory text in PDF format is available from ALL Crane here.
Who can help my company navigate the changes?
All customers can call ALL Erection & Crane Rental Corp. and a sales representative or safety director will help answer your questions regarding the OSHA Cranes & Derricks in Construction 1926.1400.
Why the change?
OSHA estimates that the new rule will help prevent about 22 fatalities and 175 non-fatal injuries each year. Currently, OSHA reports that approximately 90 workers are killed each year in crane-related accidents. The new rule is also expected to save about $55 million per year.
When is the change taking place?
The final rule became effective November 8, 2010.
What is changing?
This new standard will comprehensively address key hazards related to cranes and derricks on construction worksites, including the four main causes of worker death and injury: electrocution, crushed by parts of the equipment, struck-by the equipment/load, and falls. Significant requirements include the use of synthetic slings in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions during assembly/disassembly work; assessment of ground conditions; and procedures for working in the vicinity of power lines.
The following underscore a few of the highlights pertaining to the OSHA Crane and Derrick Final Rule:
- 1926.1401 – Riggers must be “qualified” as defined in OSHA.
- 1926.1402 - The "controlling entity" must prepare the site conditions for the crane and inform the operator of the location of hazards beneath the equipment set-up area.
- 1926.1404 - OSHA recognizes an A/D Director for all crane assembly and disassembly, who must be "competent and qualified" as defined in OSHA.
- 1926.1408 - Power line safety (up to 350 KV): equipment operations provide for a 20' setback from power lines. The use of a "dedicated spotter" and many other safety procedures must be observed prior to encroachment on the 20' setback.
- 1926.1412 - New standards for crane inspections.
- 1926.1418 - Whenever there is a concern for safety, the operator has the authority to stop the lift.
- 1926.1419 – Signal persons must be “qualified” as defined in OSHA.
- 1926.1425 - Keeping clear of the load in the “Fall Zone.”
- 1926.1427 - Operator qualification and certification: All crane operators must be “competent and qualified” as defined in OSHA; and by November 10, 2014, generally every crane operator must be certified by an accredited crane operator testing organization.
- 1926.1430 - The employer MUST provide training as follows: (a) Overhead power lines. (b) Signal persons. (c) Operators and operators-in-training. (d) Competent persons and Qualified persons. (e) Crush/Pinch points. (f) Tag out. (g) Training administration.